Statistics

The HOOGAN database contains information on people who have engaged in violence at sporting events either in Switzerland or abroad and who are subject to one of the measures imposed by the authorities.
Measures

Personal data may only be stored in the system if the following conditions are fulfilled:

  • The measure is imposed or confirmed by a judicial authority; 
  • The measure is imposed as a result of a criminal act that was reported to the competent authority; 
  • The measure is necessary to ensure the safety of people or the security of the sporting event, and is justified.

Fedpol is responsible for operating and further developing the database. The system may be used by the competent fedpol units, the cantonal police and the Swiss Border Guard.

What the statistics show

The statistics show how many new names were entered in, and deleted from the HOOGAN database in the last six months, and how many people were registered in total on a particular reference date. The database also provides information on the age and gender of those registered, as well as on the type of sport concerned.

Further, the figures reveal how many and what type of measures were imposed by the authorities in the last six months, and what criminal acts were involved. The figures also provide information on how many people on a particular reference date were subject to active measures such as an exclusion order.

A person who is registered in the HOOGAN database may be subject to several measures simultaneously, for example an exclusion order and a stadium ban. Not every person registered in the database is necessarily subject to an active measure because personal data is retained in the system for a period of three years after the measure has ceased to be applicable. Only then is the entry deleted from the database.

What the statistics do not show

The statistics do not allow definite conclusions to be drawn on the extent of violence or on whether violence in the stadiums is on the increase (or decrease). Although the statistics would reflect an increase in the number of measures if violence were on the rise, rising figures could also result from tougher action by the police, in which case rising figures would not necessarily reflect an increase in violence.

Since data is retained in the system for a period of three years after the measure is no longer active, the number of people registered in the database at any one time is not a true reflection of the extent of violence. It is possible that a person is registered in the database but no longer subject to an active measure, and has not engaged in violence since expiry of the measure.

Furthermore, the statistics do not reveal anything about the propensity for violence by fans of individual clubs, cantons or regions of Switzerland. The origin of the people registered in the database is not shown since this information does not permit a serious statistical interpretation of the data.

The figures in the HOOGAN database are updated every six months, on 31 January and 31 July.

Number of people registered with active measures

In January 2019, 747 people with active measures were registered in the HOOGAN database.

  Jan
2019
Jul
2018
Jan
2018
Jul
2017
Jan
2017
July
2016
Jan
2016
July
2015
Jan
2015
July
2014
Total no. of people with active measures 747 742 764 754 757 811 785 830 785 657

 

Total number of people registered in the HOOGAN database

Between July 2018 and January 2019, 143 new names were registered in the HOOGAN database. Personal data remains in the system for three years after expiry of the last measure.

  January
2019
July
2018
January
2018
July
2017
January
2017
No. of new entries 143 118 159 114 110
No. of deleted entries 145 159 116 102 123
Total no. of persons registered 1592 1594 1635 1592 1580
Of which female 18 17 20 16 19
           
Of which football 1153 1160 1213 1224 1214
Of which ice hockey 499 489 475 415 423

 

Age of people registered in the database

The proportional age distribution of people registered in the database has remained constant over the years. Approximately two-thirds of those registered are between 19 and 29 years old.

Age January
2019
July
2018
January
2018
July
2017
January
2017
15 to 18 63 65 63 61 58
19 to 24 622 638 668 669 692
25 to 29 533 525 534 509 502
30 to 39 311 301 310 292 273
40 to 69 63 65 60 60 55

 

Entries

A person may have more than one measure to his name in the database. The statistics show the number of active (i.e. applicable) measures on a particular reference date. Travel restrictions are valid for a short period only (e.g. one weekend).

  January
2019
July
2018
January
2018
July
2017
January
2017
Active measures
Obligation to report 12 13 21 19 10
Exclusion order 437 414 445 511 524
Stadium ban 661 664 688 655 641
TOTAL 1110 1091 1154 1185 1175

 

Offences

The offence for which a measure is imposed correlates to the Swiss Criminal Code. The competent cantonal authority is responsible for registering the appropriate offence in the database (as is the case with personal data and measures imposed). It is, therefore, possible that incidents are assessed and registered differently, according to the cantonal authority that makes the database entry. Different offences can result in the same sanction.

  January
2019
July
2018
January
2018
July
2017
January
2017
Acts of agression 74 86 81 82 83
Attack 38 24 31 38 37
Ban on face covering 232 230 252 298 299
Brawling 115 124 142 152 125
Coercion 19 18 16 8 3
Common assault 48 63 70 74 79
Criminal damage 86 92 116 122 105
Explosives Act 330 352 348 340 343
Prevention of an official act 51 50 60 66 77
Rioting 429 419 510 568 571
Unlawful entry 67 65 49 34 38
Violence and threats against public officials 201 225 269 308 285

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