HOOGAN statistics

The HOOGAN database contains information on people who have engaged in violence at sporting events either in Switzerland or abroad and who are subject to one of the measures imposed by the authorities.
Measures

Personal data may only be stored in the system if the following conditions are fulfilled:

  • The measure is imposed or confirmed by a judicial authority; 
  • The measure is imposed as a result of a criminal act that was reported to the competent authority; 
  • The measure is necessary to ensure the safety of people or the security of the sporting event, and is justified.

Fedpol is responsible for operating and further developing the database. The system may be used by the competent fedpol units, the cantonal police and the Swiss Border Guard.

What the statistics show

The statistics show how many new names were entered in, and deleted from the HOOGAN database in the last six months, and how many people were registered in total on a particular reference date. The database also provides information on the age and gender of those registered, as well as on the type of sport concerned.

Further, the figures reveal how many and what type of measures were imposed by the authorities in the last six months, and what criminal acts were involved. The figures also provide information on how many people on a particular reference date were subject to active measures such as an exclusion order.

A person who is registered in the HOOGAN database may be subject to several measures simultaneously, for example an exclusion order and a stadium ban. Not every person registered in the database is necessarily subject to an active measure because personal data is retained in the system for a period of three years after the measure has ceased to be applicable. Only then is the entry deleted from the database.

What the statistics do not show

The statistics do not allow definite conclusions to be drawn on the extent of violence or on whether violence in the stadiums is on the increase (or decrease). Although the statistics would reflect an increase in the number of measures if violence were on the rise, rising figures could also result from tougher action by the police, in which case rising figures would not necessarily reflect an increase in violence.

Since data is retained in the system for a period of three years after the measure is no longer active, the number of people registered in the database at any one time is not a true reflection of the extent of violence. It is possible that a person is registered in the database but no longer subject to an active measure, and has not engaged in violence since expiry of the measure.

Furthermore, the statistics do not reveal anything about the propensity for violence by fans of individual clubs, cantons or regions of Switzerland. The origin of the people registered in the database is not shown since this information does not permit a serious statistical interpretation of the data.

The figures in the HOOGAN database are updated every six months, on 31 January and 31 July.

Number of people registered with active measures

In July 2017, 754 people with active measures were registered in the HOOGAN database.


 
  Jul
2017
Jan
2017
July
2016
Jan
2016
July
2015
Jan
2015
July
2014
Jan
2014
July
2013
Jan
2013
Total no. of people with active measures 754 757 811 785 830 785 657 576 571 533

 

Total number of people registered in the HOOGAN database

Between January 2017 and July 2017, 114 new names were registered in the HOOGAN database. Personal data remains in the system for three years after expiry of the last measure.

  July
2017
January
2017
July
2016
January
2016
July
2015
No. of new entries 114 110 142 178 214
No. of deleted entries 102 123 134 128 148
Total no. of persons registered 1592 1580 1593 1585 1535
Of which female 16 19 16 14 14
           
Of which football 1224 1214 1197 1167 1090
Of which ice hockey 415 423 450 485 445

 

Age of people registered in the database

The proportional age distribution of people registered in the database has remained constant over the years. Approximately two-thirds of those registered are between 19 and 29 years old.

Age of people registered in the database

Age July
2017
January
2017
July
2016
January
2016
July
2015
15 to 18 61 58 63 69 77
19 to 24 669 692 711 727 706
25 to 29 509 502 508 491 476
30 to 39 292 273 256 248 230
40 to 69 60 55 55 50 46

 

Entries

A person may have more than one measure to his name in the database. The statistics show the number of active (i.e. applicable) measures on a particular reference date. Travel restrictions are valid for a short period only (e.g. one weekend).

  July
2017
January
2017
July
2016
January
2016
July
2015
Active measures
Obligation to report 19 10 19 9 5
Exclusion order 511 524 512 481 412
Stadium ban 655 641 698 690 641
TOTAL 1185 1175 1229 1180 1058

 

Offences

The offence for which a measure is imposed correlates to the Swiss Criminal Code. The competent cantonal authority is responsible for registering the appropriate offence in the database (as is the case with personal data and measures imposed). It is, therefore, possible that incidents are assessed and registered differently, according to the cantonal authority that makes the database entry. Different offences can result in the same sanction.

  July
2017
January
2017
July
2016
January
2016
July
2015
Acts of agression 82 83 86 84 89
Attack 38 37 35 41 52
Ban on face covering 298 299 302 269 223
Brawling 152 125 135 145 123
Coercion 8 3 8 7 30
Common assault 74 79 83 75 54
Criminal damage 122 105 91 57 60
Explosives Act 340 343 376 401 413
Prevention of an official act 66 77 77 70 99
Rioting 568 571 622 542 389
Unlawful entry 34 38 39 40 38
Violence and threats against public officials 308 285 269 204 168

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